Another auxiliary, another very common verb: Let's have a look at the present and past forms of "to have" in Luxembourgish!

Welcome back to another Language Basics lesson! This article is a direct follow-up to our last lesson on the verb "to be" or sinn – if you've missed that or want to refresh your memory, you can find it here.

Similarly to sinn, the verb "to have", or hunn in Luxembourgish (no relation to the nomadic warriors, as far as we know), is another one of those verbs that you'll eventually have to get familiar with if you want to speak a language confidently

Present Forms

Hunn is also an auxiliary verb, and we will come back to those when we'll eventually talk about the past tense in Luxembourgish. And as you might have guessed already, in addition to all of that, hunn is also a highly irregular verb. So, without further ado, let's have a look at its present tense forms:

hunn                                                                                                                                   (to have)

Präsens                                                                                                                                 Present

Ech hunn                                                                                                                               (I have)

Du hues                                                                                                                                (You have)

Hien / Hatt / Et huet                                                                                                        (He / She / It has)

Mir hunn                                                                                                                               (We have)

Dir hutt                                                                                                                                 (You have)

Si hunn                                                                                                                                (They have)

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Past Forms

The verb hunn is also another one of the few Luxembourgish verbs to have a simple past form that is commonly used in everyday conversation:

Präteritum                                                                                                                           Simple Past

Ech hat                                                                                                                                   (I had)

Du has                                                                                                                                  (You had)

Hien / Hatt / Et hat                                                                                                           (He / She / It had)

Mir haten                                                                                                                               (We had)

Dir hat                                                                                                                                   (You had)

Si haten                                                                                                                                (They had)

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Congratulations! After the last three Language Basics lessons, you now know how regular and irregular verbs are formed, some of the most common forms of the auxiliary verbs sinn and hunn as well as the simple past forms for these verbs.

And even if you don't know everything by heart, just being aware of these bits and pieces of Luxembourgish grammar will come in handy when working with our phrases – once again, a big high-five to you for reading beyond the main lessons!

Vocabulary List - Diseases, injuries, and emergencies

Before you leave, don't forget to have a look at our extensive vocabulary list for the core lesson:

Basic Ailments

the cold -> de Schnapp

the cough -> den Houscht

the sore throat -> den Halswéi

the headache -> de Kappwéi

the fever -> d'Féiwer

the stomachache -> de Bauchwéi

the toothache -> den Zännwéi

the infection / inflammation -> d'Entzündung

the rash -> den Ausschlag

the stiff neck -> den Tortikolli

Body parts

the head -> de Kapp

the ear(s) -> d'Ouer(en)

the eye(s) -> d'A(en)

the nose -> d'Nues

the mouth -> de Mond

the lip(s) -> d'Lëpp(en)

the neck / throat -> den Hals (if you mean the backside of your neck: d'Nuque)

the chest -> d'Broscht

the arm(s) -> den Aarm / d'Äerm

the hand(s) -> d'Hand / d'Hänn

the finger(s) -> d'Fanger(en)

the belly / stomach -> de Bauch

the leg(s) -> d'Been (plural same as singular)

the foot / feet -> de Fouss / d'Féiss

the toe(s) -> d'Zéif / d'Zéiwen

Medicinal requirements

the medicine -> d'Medikament

the insulin -> den Insulin

the pill -> d'Pëll

the syrup -> de Sirop

the painkiller(s) -> den Analgetikum / d'Analgetika (also: den Analgesique / d'Analgesiquen)