European policymakers are intensifying efforts to establish comprehensive digital regulations, addressing both economic and social dimensions.

While the 'Digital Market Act' has already been in effect at the national level, focusing primarily on the corporate sector, the Luxembourg Government Council has recently granted approval for the implementation of the 'Digital Services Act' (DSA), which pertains to social media.

Under the DSA, online platforms will bear the responsibility of identifying and removing illegal content, such as child pornography, terrorist material, or hazardous product sales. This legislation applies to intermediary services, encompassing platforms that enable both businesses and individuals to upload content.

Among its provisions, the DSA mandates that platforms must facilitate user reporting of potentially illegal content and maintain transparent advertising and recommendation policies. Notably, advertising targeting children is now prohibited.

To ensure proportional regulations, distinctions are drawn between large and small platforms across Europe, with stricter rules applying to major players. The European Commission has identified 19 significant platforms subject to these regulations, including Amazon, YouTube, and X (formerly Twitter).

In Luxembourg, the Competition Authority has been tasked with oversight of compliance, with penalties in place for violations, including fines of up to 6% of global turnover.

Major platforms are under obligation to adhere to these rules since the end of August, while all other platforms have until February to fully integrate the new regulations.