In light of the recent announcement that the National Health Fund (CNS) will reimburse the costs of psychotherapy as of 1 February, it is useful to revisit the differences between psychology-based professions.

Since the difference between psychology-based professions plays a role in the reimbursement of therapy costs, our colleagues from RTL have compiled a quick overview of the different types of treatment available in the Grand Duchy.


A psychiatrist is a doctor specialised in psychiatry. They are able to prescribe medicines and take care of patients with mental illnesses.

Psychiatric treatment is reimbursed by the CNS.


This profession was officially recognised in Luxembourg in 2015. Psychologists and doctors can get approval to offer psychotherapy if they complete additional training, which lasts three to four years.

Physicians offering psychotherapy without the necessary training render themselves liable to prosecution.

The following types of psychotherapy are recognised in Luxembourg:

  • cognitive behavioural therapy
  • psychodynamic and psychoanalytic-inspired approaches
  • humanistic approaches, such as person-centred approaches and Gestalt therapy
  • systemic psychotherapy

After discussions over a number of years between the CNS and the Federation of Associations Representing Psychotherapists in Luxembourg (FAPSYLUX), news that psychotherapy will now be reimbursed broke a few days ago. Adults will have 70% of their treatment costs covered, children and youths younger than 18 will be fully covered.


A psychologist is a person with a master's degree in psychology. Before a psychologist is allowed to practice in Luxembourg, their diploma needs to be recognised by the Ministry for Higher Education and Research.

According to FAPSYLUX spokesperson Catherine Richard, psychologists are considered consultants or coaches and are able to work in a variety of sectors, such as education, the private sector, or in organisations.