© Thomas Toussaint / RTL
The French National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (Insee) has recently published data on the rise of French cross-border workers in Luxembourg. We've picked out the most interesting takeaways from the publication.
More French people commute to Switzerland than Luxembourg
Whilst the French cross-border working community may represent the largest contingent of cross-border workers in Luxembourg, the community is only the second largest cross-border commuting force of French residents.
Insee's data shows that in 2015, 75,000 French people commuted to Luxembourg every day. Whilst Statec's data put that number at 85,000, it has since surpassed the 100,000 mark. However, Insee shows that in 2015, more than 179,000 French residents travelled to Switzerland for work purposes.
In the report, Insee confirmed that Switzerland is the top destination for cross-border workers in France, accounting for almost half of outgoing active workers. Luxembourg in comparison accounts for every one out of five workers, or in other words, 20% of the French cross-border workers.
A spectacular development
With both a dynamic job market and economy, Luxembourg needs to attract a high number of cross-border workers in order to keep up with the demand of businesses.
Every year between 2010 and 2015, the number of French cross-border workers in Luxembourg has risen by an average of 2.5%. This has been markedly more than equivalent cross-border worker communities around France: that same number had dropped by 0.9% for those working in Germany and by 1.3% for employees travelling to Spain.
Whilst the number of French cross-border workers in Belgium (1.3%) and Monaco (1.2) has risen, only Switzerland has seen more growth than Luxembourg in the same period (3.6%).
Luxembourg depends on its cross-border workforce
Around 45% of the Grand Duchy's salaried employees are cross-border workers, which, especially according to Insee, shows Luxembourg's 'heavy dependence' on this workforce. The main sectors affected are the industrial sector - where French cross-border workers account for 30% of jobs - and the services sector. The services sector employs the largest number of cross-border workers in all of Luxembourg.
Cross-border workers can be found in border areas
In rather unsurprising news, cross-border workers mainly live in the border areas of their home country, usually within 25km radius of their work country. In these areas, cross-border workers make up more than 34% of the active population.
Even in areas which are further afield from France's borders, such as the area surrounding Metz or the Pays-Haut region, cross-border workers make up between 9 and 21% of the active population.
A further consequence of the high number of workers commuting to Luxembourg and Switzerland is that there is a higher rate of cross-border workers near the borders of Luxembourg and Switzerland than near the German and Belgian borders.
© Eurogeographics - Insee
Employment continues to stagnate in France
Whilst one could assume that the income, service needs, and consumer habits of cross-border workers help develop jobs on the French side, Insee has noted that this is not the case.
The Luxembourgish economic dynamism has had positive effects on real estate and on facilities, but has not had a positive effect on local jobs, which are steadily declining.
Local jobs have declined by 1.5% in Longwy and 0.8% in Thionville. Insee also noted that employment is falling by 1.1% in the work area surrounding Metz despite a stable population.