Denmark's ode to the humble squash helped propel the Nordic nation to victory Monday in prestigious culinary competition the Bocuse d'or, beating host and defending champion France.

With foghorns and firecrackers, a passionate Danish crowd cheered on chef Brian Mark Hansen, 41, as he steered Denmark to its third victory in the gastronomy equivalent of the World Cup.

"These Danes are crazy, hey? That's the Vikings," said Hansen, a chef in a Michelin-starred restaurant in Copenhagen. "I have dreamed of this for 20 years."

After national selections in some 60 countries, the two-day final in Lyon pitted 24 chefs against each other in the competition set up by French "Nouvelle Cuisine" pioneer Paul Bocuse in 1983.

Norway came second and Hungary third.

Long known for their hearty meat-and-potatoes fare, Danish chefs have taken the culinary world by storm in recent years, racking up Michelin stars and global awards.

Scandinavian contestants have finished at least in the top three every time in the biennial event going back to 1991.

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French chef Nais Pirollet, the only woman in the competition, finished fifth / © AFP

France has seven titles, but this year chef Nais Pirollet, 25, the only woman in the competition, finished fifth.

"There is no sadness, it is a victory to be here," she said.

Training for the competition is intense, "a bit like a fighter pilot or Formula 1 driver," said last year's winner Davy Tissot, president of the 2023 jury.

Finland's 25-year-old candidate Johan Kurkela has been known to train for 10 hours straight locked in a basement. Meanwhile, Pirollet trained daily for five-and-a-half hours nonstop to replicate competition conditions.

- Simplicity -

Denmark got the most jury votes in both categories.

The first, "Feed the kids," aimed to highlight the importance of nutrition in children's diets, using the squash.

From butternut to spaghetti squash, seeds and all, the chefs had to use their imagination to highlight the humble dish -- a fruit often mistaken for a vegetable -- resulting in an explosion of orange creations.

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Norway's Filip August Bendi finished second / © AFP

Simplicity "is the hardest thing to do," said Tissot.

"I want to taste the squash. I also wanted to be transported into a universe which I might not know," said three-star chef Dominique Crenn, honorary president of the grand final.

For the main dish, the chefs had to mesmerise with monkfish, pulling out all the stops when it came to presentation.

Mauritian chef Kritesh Halkory -- one of only two candidates from Africa -- used a massive sea urchin shell as a gravy boat.