Dozens of Sudanese doctors demonstrate in Khartoum on January 16, 2022 to denounce attacks by security forces against medical personnel and doctors during pro-democracy rallies / © AFP
Sudanese doctors protested Sunday against violent attacks by security forces targeting medical personnel during pro-democracy rallies following last year's military coup.
"During every protest they fire tear gas inside the hospital where I work," one doctor, Houda Ahmad, said at the rally in Khartoum.
"They even attack us inside the intensive care unit," she added at the rally, where medical personnel carried pictures of colleagues they said had been killed.
The demonstration was the latest in the crisis-hit north-east African country, where protesters in the north also blockaded roads to vent their anger against an electricity price hike announced last week, and that has since been frozen.
Sudan's October 25 coup led by military leader General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan derailed a fragile transition to civilian rule, that had started with the 2019 ouster of strongman Omar al-Bashir following youth-led mass protests.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO) there have been 11 confirmed attacks on health workers and health facilities in Sudan since November / © AFP
The military power grab has sparked an international outcry and triggered a new wave of street demonstrations, with another rally expected on Monday.
During the turmoil of recent months, prime minister Abdulla Hamdok was detained and later reinstated but then quit, warning that Sudan was at a dangerous crossroads threatening its very "survival".
Deadly crackdowns have claimed the lives of 64 protesters, according to pro-democracy medics. A police general has also been killed in the street violence that has rocked Sudan, one of the world's poorest countries.
- Pandemic and poverty -
The UN World Health Organization said last week there had been 11 confirmed attacks on Sudanese health facilities since November.
Sudanese protesters take to the streets of the capital Khartoum as they rally against the October military coup, on January 13, 2022 / © AFP/File
The WHO said it was "also aware of the interception of ambulances, medical personnel and patients during their attempts to seek safety".
It called for the attacks to "stop now", pointing out that they threaten healthcare services needed more than ever during the Covid pandemic.
Covid-19 is a "grave threat" for Sudan, where 94 percent of the population has not been vaccinated, said the WHO.
Sudan has confirmed 93,973 coronavirus infections and about 4,000 deaths. In September, it said 64 percent of about 1,000 health workers tested had been found to be Covid-positive.
Sudan's 45 million people have also been dealing with a severe economic crisis and inflation approaching 400 percent.
A demonstrator looks on from behind a flaming tyre at a makeshift barricade erected during a protest demanding civilian rule, in the Sudanese capital's twin city of Omdurman on January 4, 2022 / © AFP/File
On Sunday, hundreds blocked key roads in the Northern Province, 350 kilometres (229 miles) from the capital, angered by recent news electricity prices would double -- a move that was then frozen, but not officially abolished.
"No vehicle will pass until the authorities have cancelled this increase, because it signs the death certificate of our agriculture," protester Hassan Idriss told AFP by phone.
The protests that led to the 2019 ouster of Bashir had started after the government decided to triple the price of bread.
- Hunger strike -
During the recent protests, Sudan has also often shut down the internet and moved to limit reporting on the unrest.
UN special representative Volker Perthes has said the United Nations will launch talks to help Sudan resolve its escalating political crisis / © AFP/File
In the latest move it revoked the licence of Al Jazeera Mubasher, the live TV unit of the Qatar-based network, accusing it of "unprofessional" coverage of protests, the channel said.
The United Nations is now seeking to organise talks involving political, military and social actors to resolve the crisis.
UN special representative Volker Perthes announced the bid last week saying it was "time to end the violence and enter into a comprehensive consultative process".
The mainstream faction of the Forces for Freedom and Change, the leading civilian pro-democracy group, said Sunday it would accept the offer of dialogue if it were to revive the transition to civilian rule.
Sudan's military in April 2019 put an end Bashir's three-decade rule, leading to the arrest and imprisonment of the autocrat and many regime officials.
Bashir is also wanted by the International Criminal Court (ICC) on charges of genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity in Darfur.
An imprisoned former foreign minister under Bashir, Ibrahim Ghandour, has begun a hunger strike along with several ex-regime officials, his family said Sunday.
The coup, led by army chief General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan on October 25, derailed a power-sharing transition between the military and civilians that had been painstakingly established in the wake of longtime autocrat Omar-al-Bashir's ouster in 2019 / © AFP/File
They will only end it "once they have been freed or brought before an impartial tribunal", his family said in a statement.
The public prosecutor's office had recently ordered the release of several ex-officials, but Burhan instead ordered they stay in detention.
Ghandour's family decried the "interference in judicial affairs".
The protester movement however accuses Burhan, who was Bashir's ground forces commander, of helping old regime figures come back to power.