Thousands of protesters hit the streets of Europe and Latin America on Thursday to demand an end to violence against women, with police in Turkey firing teargas to disperse the demonstrators.

The rallies took place to mark the International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women, with thousands marching through Mexico City, Madrid and Barcelona, while others gathered in Paris and London.

There were also rallies in countries including Chile, Venezuela, Bolivia, Uruguay and Guatemala.

"They didn't die. They killed them," read one of the banners at the march in Mexico, a country where around 10 women are murdered every day.

Across Latin America and the Caribbean, at least 4,091 women were victims of femicide in 2020, according to the regional commission of the United Nations.

Tensions flared in Mexico City when a small number of hammer-wielding protesters tried to grab shields from police officers, who repelled them with smoke bombs.

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Women demonstrate on the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women in Mexico City / © AFP

Things also turned ugly in Istanbul as riot police fired tear gas to break up a demonstration by hundreds of protesters urging the government to rejoin an international treaty designed to protect women.

The Turkish government had abandoned the landmark Istanbul Convention earlier this year on grounds its gender equality principles undermined traditional family values, in a move that angered women campaigners.

So far this year, 345 women have been killed in Turkey, rights groups say.

- 'A global scourge' -

In Spain, where the government has made the fight against domestic violence a national priority, thousands hit the streets of Madrid and Barcelona in a sea of purple flags, while others rallied in Valencia, Seville and other cities around the country.

In the Spanish capital, marchers wearing purple masks, hats and scarves walked behind a huge banner reading "Enough of male violence against women. Solutions now!"

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People hold a banner reading "Sex is not gender. The Constitution protects us" during a demonstration in Madrid / © AFP

"Not all of us are here, the murdered are missing," they chanted as they marched past the Cibeles fountain and other historic buildings that had been illuminated in purple, holding signs reading "Not even one more death".

"On a global level, it remains a scourge and a huge problem," Leslie Hoguin, a 30-year-old student and actor told AFP.

"It's high time that patriarchal violence against our bodies, our lives and our decisions came to an end."

Many were fed up of the ongoing abuse faced by women.

"We are sick of the ongoing violence against us which takes many different forms," said Maria Moran, a 50-year-old civil servant.

"We want to see prostitution abolished and an end to the murders, the abuse and the rapes."

Back in 2004, Spain's parliament overwhelmingly approved Europe's first law cracking down on gender-based violence.

"Eradicating sexist violence is a national priority," tweeted Socialist Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez, a self-described feminist whose cabinet is dominated by women.

"We will only be a just society when we are done with all kinds of violence against women."

- 'Living in danger' -

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Women take part in a demonstration on the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women in Montevideo / © AFP

Nearly one in three women worldwide has experienced physical or sexual violence, mostly by someone they know, according to UN Women, the United Nations' organization for gender equality.

"Violence against women is a global crisis. In all of our own neighborhoods there are women and girls living in danger," executive director Sima Bahous said in a video message.

Pope Francis also weighed in.

"Women victims of violence must be protected by society," he tweeted.

"The various forms of mistreatment that many women suffer are cowardly and represent degradation for men and for all of humanity. We cannot look away."

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