Just over 1.7 million cubic metres of diesel, representing 54% of all petroleum products, and 439,000 m3 of petrol were sold in Luxembourg in 2022.

First things first, 70 to 80 percent of diesel in Luxembourg goes back abroad due to petrol tourism.

The situation in Luxembourg is quite unique, as there aren't any refineries, nor do we possess a major petroleum industry. That's why 100 percent of petroleum products are imported to Luxembourg.

It is therefore crucial that we are diversified in the level of import routes, as well as in the countries from which we import, says Georges Lanners, responsible for petroleum products at the Ministry of Energy.

50 percent of all petroleum products currently come from Belgium. The other half comes from France, Germany and the Netherlands. As far as the supply routes are concerned, trucks dominate with about 45 percent. Trains and ships follow. The 24 percent that comes via pipeline is kerosene for Findel airport.

An important keyword in these times are the so-called strategic reserves, to make ends meet in the event of a supply crisis. This is where European regulations come into play.

Georges Lanners explains that Luxembourg has around 93 days of reserves, while the EU regulation usually has 90 days. Of these, 45 are stockpiled in the Greater Region. 8 days here in the country, and 37 days in the region around Luxembourg.

As far as the price evolution over the last 12 months is concerned, those who drive with diesel have to dig a bit deeper into their pockets. Diesel has become 48 per cent more expensive, compared to 27 per cent for Super 98 and 19 per cent for Super 95 octane.

Since last Thursday, moreover, there is no longer a fuel discount. As for petroleum products in general, the government will not cut taxes either.

Fossil energy will be increasingly sidelined within the next few years -- that is the course our politicians have set. Mazout heaters will not be authorised in any new buildings on 1 January 2023. The government prefers to switch to heat pumps because, despite the high electricity prices, they are still financially cheaper than Mazout or gas heating. Fossil cars must also increasingly be replaced by electric cars, says Energy Minister Claude Turmes.

There is an urgent need to reduce mobility, he adds, so that less Mazout, less gas, less petrol, less diesel is consumed, because it is the only answer to climate change.