Eurostat has analysed the causes and occurrences of deaths in the EU.
In 2016, 5.1 million people have died in the EU, 80.000 less than the year before. The main causes of death across all member countries are diseases of the circulatory system, i.e. heart attacks and strokes, and cancer. These diseases are responsible for 36% and 26% of all deaths respectively.
Diseases of the circulatory system are the main cause of death in every country, except in Denmark, France, the Netherlands and the UK, where it is cancer. Accounting for 8% of all deaths, diseases of the respiratory system are the third main cause of death.
Apart from the causes of death, Eurostat has also analysed the death rate per 100.000 inhabitants. In 2016, Bulgaria had the highest death rate with 1602 deaths per 100.000 inhabitants, Spain had the lowest rate with 829 deaths. Luxembourg has one of the lowest death rates with 905 deaths and lies below the EU average of 1002 deaths.